What You Need To Know: Dog Training In Australia

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A Guide to Dog Training in Australia

Whether you notice it or not, dog training will start on the first day of bringing your dog home. Dogs learn how to interact by assessing what works and what doesn’t with each interaction. They are great students of human behaviour and draw conclusions based on your actions. If you’re new to the world of dog ownership, you might be seeking professional help in the form of Dog Training in Australia. It’s a straight forward action to make life with your furry friend as smooth as possible. But did you know that dog training is an unregulated industry? 

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Due to dog training being an unregulated industry, there’s a lot of contradictory information out there. It can be a daunting process to find the right trainer, and the more you look into it, the harder it can be to find consensus within the industry. It doesn’t help that anybody can print business cards and charge for their services, regardless of background, education, or experience.

So, how do you evaluate potential trainers before trusting them with your money and your beloved pet? To alleviate some of the confusion, we’ve put together a list of things we believe dog owners should know when looking for Dog Training in Australia. Don’t make the mistake of simply picking the closest dog training school. Do some research to find a trainer who will work with you and your dog using modern, force-free, and science-based tools and techniques.

What dog training is the best?

While there’s no single training method that will work for each and every dog, it’s important to know that dominance and hierarchy based training methods are officially considered outdated and aren’t backed by current scientific research anymore.

There used to be a time, where the common understanding was that dogs are committed to a constant battle of supremacy with family members. Trainers advised families to ‘become the pack leader’ by taking actions such as eating first, walking through doors first, and worst of all pinning the dogs into submission.

This was all based on some studies on wolves which have since been revised. We’ve since learned that neither wolves nor dogs live in hierarchical packs in which the aggressive alpha male rules over everyone else. So instead of dominating our pet dogs to get them to behave, it’s better just to be great leaders to our dogs instead.

If you’re wondering what the difference between an alpha and a leader is, it’s that fear does not equal respect. We want our dogs to respect us, but not to fear us. A dog’s behaviour is closely linked to and influenced by emotions. Punishing a dog for unwanted behaviour while not understanding why it’s happening can make things worse instead of better.

Be cautious of old-school dog trainers

Because dog training is an unregulated industry, there are still plenty of ‘old-school’ dog trainers out there who will teach outdated training methods. Using punishment and fear as training methods do not foster healthy development for your dog.

It’s frustrating that people are taught punishment-based training techniques without realising they are making their dogs more unpredictable and dangerous. It’s not hard to make a dog do something through force, but there’s really nothing heroic about physically or emotionally dominating an animal into compliance.

Look for dog trainers using science-backed principles

You want to find yourself a dog trainer who follows scientifically based principles of positive reinforcement, operant conditioning, and counter-conditioning programs.

These principles have shown to successfully teach dogs desirable behaviours and prevent behaviour problems while at the same time enhancing the human-pet bond.

Additionally, you want to make sure your dog trainer will be flexible in their approach, as there’s no one-size-fits-all training protocol that will work the same for each and every dog.

What makes a great dog trainer?

We’ve put together a few tips that will help you find the right match when looking for Dog Training in Australia. While there are many different approaches in the industry, the most important thing is that you feel comfortable with your choice. We understand that it can be a bit overwhelming at the start, and surely all the different ideologies around the topic of training won’t help your decision making. So below you can find some key aspects that we believe differentiate an average trainer from an awesome dog trainer.

The first impression

The website or other information material of a dog trainer will provide you with initial information about their approach. If they offer lots of information on their background, education, principles and pricing in a transparent way, it’s generally a good sign.

However, do not rely on the first impression of a brochure or website alone. Once you’ve evaluated the content and decided it’s a good match, arrange for a face to face meeting to discuss what training could look like. 

If you like everything up to this point, make sure your dog is on board too. It’s important that both you and your dog feel comfortable with the dog trainer. Sometimes you just won’t ‘click’, and that’s okay. It will be all the more rewarding once you found a dog trainer both you and your dog are 100% comfortable with.

Use Positive Reinforcement and say no to violence in dog training

Modern dog training is focused on well-being, fun, and rewards during training. Reward-based dog training means either giving a reward (to make a behaviour more likely to happen again) or withholding a reward (to make the behaviour less likely to occur).

So, using rewards to make a behaviour increase in frequency is called positive reinforcement, and that’s why some trainers call themselves positive reinforcement dog trainers.

Using positive methods to address negative behaviours.

It’s easy to teach a dog to sit, stay or come using positive reinforcement. It takes a lot more skill to modify unwanted negative behaviours using positive training.

Willingness to train the entire household

Consistency is key to effective positive training, so good trainers will usually strongly suggest that the whole family will follow the same training. They will also ask questions about your home and living circumstances, so that they can set realistic training goals.

Flexible dog training options

Every dog is different, and a trainer should always be able to modify the dog training to the individual needs and characteristics of a dog. If you don’t feel comfortable with a particular method, you should be able to address this openly. General statements such as ‘you have to do it that way’, ‘your dog is dominant’, or ‘you must be the alpha’ should not be part of the vocabulary of a good dog trainer.

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Have good people skills

Dog trainers need to be fantastic communicators, to dogs as well as humans. No matter how great the trainer is with your dog, you’re the one who will need to continue the training eventually. That’s why you want to look for someone who you feel comfortable with.

Someone who will listen to you and explain any questions you might have in an easy to understand way. A good dog trainer also won’t play blame-games, but will rather explain any occurring issues in a factual manner.

Providing client references

Good dog trainers have nothing to hide, so there’s nothing wrong in asking to talk to previous clients about their experience.

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Take a full behavioural history of your dog

Good trainers will ask you lots of questions about your dog’s background. That’s important so that they can more quickly and effectively identify root causes and implement a positive training protocol. All dogs are different, so training needs to be adapted for their individual needs and requirements.

No false promises

Sustainable behaviour modification takes time and can never be guaranteed, so be cautious of trainers who make unrealistic promises.

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When to be cautious of Dog Trainers in Australia

First of all, if at any stage of the training you don’t feel comfortable, you should be able to address it and your trainer should be able to respond in a professional manner.

Having said that, there are a few things you can keep an eye out for even before you commit to a particular dog school or dog trainer. At the very least, proceed with a healthy dose of cautiousness if you come across any of what we’ve outlined below.

Avoid the use of Intimidation, Physical Punishment or Fear

You wouldn’t want to send your human child to a school that’s still following methods from the last century, right? There’s a lot happening in the dog training world, and ideally, you want to find yourself a school or trainer who’s up to date on that. Any dog trainer who takes part in ongoing continuing education will know about the misconceptions of dominance theory and would have therefore adapted their training protocol appropriately.

Trainers calling themselves ‘Pack Leaders’ should raise red flags

The use of this phrase often reveals a lack of understanding of dog behaviour. With all the many recent debates in the dog training industry about the misunderstandings of dominance and pack theory, those who still use this phrase are almost always old-school trainers, even if they may not be aware of it themselves. Remember, punishing a dog for unwanted behaviour while not addressing why it’s happening can make things worse instead of better.

Suggestions that your dog is ‘dominant’

Punitive trainers almost religiously use dominance as a catch-all root of nearly every behaviour problem imaginable. The truth is often quite different, and a misdiagnosis of ‘dominance’ as your dog’s problem almost inevitably leads to the wrong training approach. You will save yourself a lot of time, money, and emotional discomfort by getting a right diagnosis with the right training approach sooner rather than later.

Use of tools such as shock and choke collars

Grab your dog and run away if your trainer suggests you use a punishment-based device. It’s been proven by science that they’re less effective and cause more damage than positive training tools and techniques. Any trainer who uses them is an old-school trainer who continues to use punishment instead of positive reinforcement. Don’t believe it when someone tells you that they won’t hurt your dog – they will.

Choosing between group classes and private dog training lessons

Whether a private lesson or group classes are better for you and your dog needs to be decided according to your dog’s individual needs.

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If you have a puppy, do that puppy group class as it’s a fantastic opportunity for early socialisation. You will get to meet other dog owners, and the classes will include some basic obedience exercises. You will also have the opportunity to ask any questions you might have.

If you have an older dog, it depends on a variety of factors, whether you should do a group class or opt for a private session.

If you have a reactive dog, it’s best to ask the dog trainer for advice. Sometimes small classes work, but other times, reactive dogs will need private sessions instead.

Private training usually involves the dog trainer coming to your house for a lesson. These sessions are best for behavioural problems because the trainer comes to you and sees the dog in their typical environment. They will develop a plan for your dog and will do some training while at your house. In between sessions, you usually get some homework to practice. With private training, you have time that is dedicated to you and your dog instead of having to share the trainer with others.

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Where Can I Find Good Dog Training In Australia?

If you read this far and are still waiting for us to suggest you a Dog Trainer in Australia – we’re sorry. The goal of this post is to teach you what to look out for so that you can then go and do your own research to find someone who’s a good match for you.

Choosing the right dog trainer is an important decision, so please take time to do your research. Start by asking your Vet for recommendations, and if you feel like it’s necessary, consult a Behaviourist Vet specifically (List of Behaviour Vets across all states in Australia).

What Do You Think?

If you have any thoughts our questions on the topic of Dog Training in Australia, please contact us either via Instagram or our Contact Form. Thank you! 💞🐾

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